The convening of the “Belt and Road” international cooperation summit forum and the release of relevant conference results have aroused the attention of all parties in the society. On May 17, the reporter interviewed a number of experts from the International Trade and Economic Cooperation Research Institute of the Ministry of Commerce on the significance of this forum and how to better carry out foreign economic and trade cooperation under the framework of the “Belt and Road” initiative.
“This summit has three very important historical significances.” Zhang Wei, deputy dean of the Ministry of Commerce, said that, first of all, the successful holding of the forum and the release of the joint communique marked the vision of the “Belt and Road Initiative” from China. Actions have risen to a blueprint for cooperation that all parties in the world have jointly promoted. "This has the significance of a milestone."
Secondly, this forum puts forward that the “Belt and Road” is the development concept of “Peace, Prosperity, Openness, Innovation and Civilization”, which not only reflects the basic ideas of China's five development concepts, but also reflects China’s promotion in the past three years. The concept of justice and benefit in the “All the Way” initiative also shows that China’s development values have been widely recognized by the state and the international community. Zhang Wei said: "The "One Belt, One Road" initiative has risen to the new height of the 'five roads', demonstrating China's cultural confidence as a responsible big country."
In addition, the “Belt and Road” has given a new interpretation of the current economic globalization. "Promoting the construction of the Belt and Road, China is not imposed on people. At the same time, China continues to export positive energy to the international community in this process, constantly injecting new vitality into the sluggish global economy. This is China's development of economic globalization. A new interpretation of the open road with Chinese characteristics." Zhang Wei said that this shows China's road confidence as a responsible big country.
How to better carry out foreign economic and trade cooperation under the framework of “One Belt, One Road”? In this regard, many experts from the Ministry of Commerce Research Institute expressed their views.
Liang Guining, director of the Institute of Foreign Investment Cooperation, said that in the process of foreign investment, communication with various stakeholders is a very important link. "Chinese enterprises that go global" must attach great importance to various interests in the 'One Belt, One Road' countries. Communication by related parties."
Liu Huaqin, deputy director of the European and Eurasian Institute, believes that over the past three years, the “Belt and Road” has achieved remarkable early harvest in the Eurasian region. The “One Belt and One Road” was built to achieve full coverage in the Eurasian region. A total of 12 countries in the Eurasian region participated in the “One Belt, One Road” cooperation in various forms. “This is related to the “Belt and Road”. The area is unique."
Yan Xin, deputy director of the Institute of Industrial Internationalization Strategy, said that according to the spirit of the “One Belt, One Road” trade cooperation initiative, the industry should promote the advantageous production capacity of steel, nonferrous metals, chemicals, light industry and textiles to achieve international capacity cooperation benignity. Interaction, equipment, technology, standards and service output, integrate superior resources, promote engineering machinery, aerospace, shipbuilding, marine engineering, equipment manufacturing to the international market, and ensure that international capacity cooperation projects meet the requirements of green environmental protection. "It is necessary to prohibit inferior, inefficient and polluting production capacity from going out and eliminating backward production capacity equipment."
Zhang Jianping, director of the Institute of West Asia and Africa, believes that the forum proposes that China will hold an import commodity fair in 2018, which is an indispensable part of achieving a virtuous circle in the comprehensive “One Belt, One Road” construction process. In the future, the Export Expo will not only be a platform for promoting trade signing, but also a platform for effective trade policy communication. "Only the links involved in import, such as logistics, commerce, customs, customs duties, value-added tax, etc., are better connected and better coordinated with the ‘Belt and Road’ countries. Our trade efficiency can come up and imports can be effectively promoted.”
Li Jun, deputy director of the International Service Trade Research Institute, said that it is necessary to pay more attention to the status of service trade in the "One Belt, One Road" international cooperation, continuously increase the value-added of the "Belt and Road" cooperation related fields, extend the industrial chain, and provide the "Belt and Road" New kinetic energy.
Yao Ling, deputy director of the European and Eurasian Institute, believes that China and the EU, as important entities at both ends of the “Belt and Road”, should continue to strengthen the leadership role of leaders in high-level mutual visits and rely on multi-bilateral mechanisms to deepen China’s “One Belt, One Road” initiative. In conjunction with the EU's development strategy, the process of the China-EU investment agreement negotiation system will be accelerated, the hot and difficult issues in bilateral economic and trade cooperation will be properly resolved, and a favorable public opinion atmosphere will be created for bilateral economic and trade cooperation.